The role of nutrition for exercise and health
The role of nutrition for exercise and healthAuthor(s):
Dr. Vasanta Pundalik RautAbstract:
Nutrition is the process of providing or obtaining the food necessary for health and growth. It broadly encompasses all actions necessary for obtaining, handling, preparing, serving, eating and utilization of food by the body. When individuals or communities do not feed appropriately they face a possibility of becoming malnourished and can face serious health problems. Extension workers should promote good nutrition in the community.Good nutrition refers to a state when the food we eat is able to provide the recommended amounts of nutrients for the body to perform all its physiological activities. It is dependent on one’s age, physiological status, physical activity level and sex. Good nutrition is important throughout the life cycle; right from pre-conception, conception, pregnancy, infancy, childhood, adolescence and adulthood. Good nutrition makes an individual healthy, more productive and improves the quality of life.Carbohydrates are the preferred fuel for physical activities of high intensity and short duration. The importance of fat as an exercise energy source depends on the availability of carbohydrates. Fats are primarily used when the body performs low-intensity muscular work, thus, sparing the store of carbohydrate. The fitter the individual greater is the carbohydrate sparing. Protein is one of the most essential and multi-purpose nutrients. Animal sources such as meat, fish, eggs, and/or dairy products are often referred to as “complete” protein foods, whereas vegetable sources are described as being “incomplete” as protein content is concerned. Vitamins contribute to chemical processes that regulate metabolism, energy release, and tissue repair. No vitamins can be synthesized by the human body. Minerals make up 4% of our body weight. They are involved in many biological functions, including energy production, bone structure, and oxygen carrying. Healthy and physically active people who eat well-balanced meals consume enough of the essential micronutrients to maintain proper physiological functioning. Pages: 231-233 | Views: 25 | Downloads: 11Download Full Article: Click Here
How to cite this article:
Dr. Vasanta Pundalik Raut. The role of nutrition for exercise and health. J Sports Sci Nutr 2022;3(2):231-233.