Journal of Sports Science and Nutrition

P-ISSN: 2707-7012, E-ISSN: 2707-7020
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Origin and evolution of rugby: A global perspective

Origin and evolution of rugby: A global perspective

Author(s): Pankaj Kumar Jyoti and Dr. Sandeep Bhalla

Abstract: Rugby, a football game, is played with an oval ball by two teams of 15 players (in rugby union play) or 13 players (in rugby league play). Both rugby union and rugby league have their origins in the style of football played at Rugby School in England. At the turn of the 21st century, the International Rugby Board (IRB founded in 1886 as the International Rugby Football Board), headquartered in Dublin, boasted more than 100 affiliated national unions. Although, at the top level, the sport was still dominated by the traditional rugby powers of Australia, England, France, Ireland, New Zealand, Scotland, South Africa, and Wales. In the United States and Canada, women’s rugby gained popularity in the 1980s, primarily on college campuses. In 1983, the Women’s Rugby Football Union was formed in England with 12 member clubs. By 2000, there were more than 120 clubs and more than 2,000 women playing organized rugby in England. The Women’s World Cup began in 1991 and then shifted in 1994 to years preceding the men’s World Cup. Today, Rugby Sevens has become increasingly popular around the world and is played at major regional and multi-sport competitions, including the Pan American Games, Asian Games, Pacific Games, Commonwealth Games, World Games, Universidad and, from 2015, the All-African Games.

DOI: 10.33545/27077012.2021.v2.i1a.36

Pages: 50-56 | Views: 940 | Downloads: 463

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How to cite this article:
Pankaj Kumar Jyoti, Dr. Sandeep Bhalla. Origin and evolution of rugby: A global perspective. J Sports Sci Nutr 2021;2(1):50-56. DOI: 10.33545/27077012.2021.v2.i1a.36
Journal of Sports Science and Nutrition
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